Ladybugs not only bring good luck, they are also useful. So they say e.g. The fight against aphids and spider mites. Therefore it makes sense to lure ladybugs into the garden.© Chepko Danil - Fotolia.com
Ladybugs can also bring luck in the garden. After all, the small, dotted beetle is a useful animal from nature that can be used for pest control without a chemical club. While there are around 4,500 different types of ladybirds worldwide, only 70 of them are native to Germany. Nothing more is needed to protect the local flora from aphids and spider mites. After all, it is a found food for ladybugs, which many hobby gardeners appreciate very much. Because where ladybugs declare war on these pests, their own garden plants are spared unsightly damage. So how do you specifically attract the little beetles so that they can do their useful work in their own garden?
- 1 These plants attract ladybugs
- Buy 2 ladybugs for pest control
- Attract 3 ladybirds with a special drink
- 4 natural enemies of ladybugs
These plants attract ladybugs
Ladybugs are one of the most useful garden helpers. After all, this beetle is the natural enemy of every aphid. A single beetle can consume up to 150 aphids a day. The larvae are the most voracious and have the greatest appetite for pests. In a ladybug life, up to 6,000 aphids can be destroyed per beetle.
The use of ladybugs for pest control is not only inexpensive, but also protects the plants. Especially those who want to harvest vegetables and fruit from their own garden appreciate the absence of chemical pest control for their own health. The following list shows which plants the beetles particularly love:
- Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
- Cornflowers / Cyan (Centaurea cyanus)
- Silver cabbage (Lobularia)
- Mint (mentha)
- Garden Hibiscus
- Geranium / Geranium
- Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)
- Rain farm (Tanacetum vulgare)
- Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
- Large cartilage carrot (Ammi majus)
- Dandelion (taraxacum)
- Cucumber herb / dill (Anethum graveolens)
- Jewelry basket (Cosmos bipinnatus)
- Bulbous silk plant (Asclepias tuberosa)
- Common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
If ladybugs have not yet spread themselves in their own garden, you can also attract the beneficial insects. In addition to aphids, selected plant pollen is on the menu of the ladybird. So if you want to attract the dotted pest control, it's a good idea to integrate as many of the aforementioned plants as possible into your own garden landscape.
These plants can not only be strategically placed in your own garden for consumption, but also for decorative purposes. Coriander, for example, does well in its own herb garden, while cornflowers or marigolds can beautify the flower bed.
Buy ladybugs for pest control
If you have never been able to attract ladybugs, you can also buy the little beetles. Various shops offer the hungry beneficial animal as larvae. As already mentioned, this has the advantage that the beetles destroy a particularly large number of pests in this phase of life. However, before the ladybug larvae can move into their own garden, it certainly makes sense to ensure a ladybug-friendly garden. Because only then will the ladybugs be preserved instead of migrating to the surrounding areas, which they might like more. Therefore it makes sense to integrate an insect hotel in the garden. Here is a guide on how to build an insect hotel yourself.
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Lure ladybirds with a special drink
If you do not have much space in your garden to plant the above-mentioned plants, which ladybirds particularly love, you can also try a special drink.
- Mix 100 grams of elderflower with a liter of water and heat.
- The mixture should then rest for one night.
- The next morning you can sieve the flowers.
- Dilute the mixture with two more parts of water and spray in the garden.
Alternatively, the mixture can also be boiled with 1.5 kg of sugar and later diluted with water in a 1 to 5 mixing ratio. Such a syrup is stable for up to a year and is a feast for the ladybird. However, the ladybirds will not only stay in their own garden unless they find any of the plants mentioned as food. The little beetle cannot feed on syrup alone in the long run.
Natural enemies of ladybugs
In order for the little ladybugs to do their work in their own garden in the best possible way, you must protect them from their natural enemies. Otherwise, the days of the ladybug colony in your own garden are probably numbered. Ants are e.g. one of the enemies of the beetles, which must therefore be fought. Here are a few home remedies for ants.
Asian ladybugs, which are actually not native to this country, but are still spreading, also make life difficult for the local ladybugs. If you want to buy ladybugs as beneficials for your garden, you should use a local variety.
The ladybird wasp wasp should also be combated. Otherwise she will probably lay her eggs in the ladybugs, which will then be hollowed out and thus die. But the wasp also has a natural enemy, namely the parasitic wasp, which should therefore be seen in the garden. Recommended reading: Natural pest control with parasitic wasps.
If you want to create a ladybug-friendly garden, you should be a little familiar with the insect species mentioned, in order to know which beetles and the like are useful and which crawling animals are among the declared enemies of ladybugs. When fighting the natural enemies of ladybugs, the best thing to do is, of course, to ensure that no chemical club is used.
The gardener himself:
Even the hobby gardener himself can become the enemy of the ladybug. This is the case, for example, if there is insufficient knowledge about the various stages of development of the small beetles. It is therefore advisable to familiarize yourself with the appearance of the offspring of ladybirds so that they are not mistakenly mistaken for pests and killed.Ladybug larva on aphid-infected hibiscus - © Gartentipps.com
Neatly eaten with aphids, the larvae stick to the leaves with their rear end and begin to pupate. After 6 - 9 days the finished beetle hatches.Ladybird larva, glued and pupated on the leaf - © Gartentipps.com