A nutrient-rich soil is the basis for tasty vegetables and beautifully flowering plants. Terra Preta and Bokashi can be the key to gardener's success.© schulzie - Fotolia.com Nature works in optimized cycles, of which we humans can learn a lot. With the use of microorganisms, compost and terra preta, gardeners hook themselves directly into this sequence of processes. The result is flowering life in the bed.
Small miracle microorganisms - this is how life comes into the soil
The earth lives! Millions of microorganisms and microorganisms bustle in every handful of earth. What may sound a bit disreputable to some, however, is the secret of a lushly blooming garden and splendidly thriving vegetables. The principle is the same as in our intestines: useful microorganisms are active there and transform our food and drink into fuel for the body. Everything that plants need to grow healthy and vigorously can be found in the ground. The little helpers who live in it provide all the fabrics in the perfect composition.
The communication between plant and earth works perfectly
Plants release certain messenger substances into the earth via their roots in order to signal which nutrients they need at the moment. Soil organisms then convert the available biological material accordingly. Of course, this only works smoothly if there are enough microorganisms in the soil. If you do not achieve the desired results in your garden with flowering plants and useful plants, then simply add the microorganisms to your soil. You can find the best quality products from Multikraft. The so-called effective microorganisms are available bottled and can be used very easily.
What works on a large scale works even more on a small scale
The intensive cultivation of soils leaves them exhausted and exhausted, after a few years or decades of use almost nothing thrives on them. Then is the time for an extensive regeneration phase, which can take a few years. However, an investigation by Dutch researchers has shown that this phase of recovery takes place much more quickly even when the soil is depleted and broken if it is "vaccinated" with a thin layer of living soil. What works with such a soil can also work miracles in your vegetable garden!
Wonder earth terra preta
The topic of Terra Preta has been on everyone's lips for several years. The Portuguese term for "black earth" means fertile, deep black soil that researchers found in the Amazon region in the 1960s. This ground initially puzzled the curious researchers, because the rainforest is generally considered to be poor and poor in nutrients. Black earth, on the other hand, is incredibly nutrient-rich so that plants can thrive optimally.
What is the secret of this earth?
Terra Preta is not a natural phenomenon, but, perhaps coincidentally, has arisen over the years through the use of jungle dwellers. It is composed of a mixture of plant residues, manure and human feces and the remains of coal from hearths. Now it was suddenly known how to make a perfect earth yourself, using the simplest of means!
One of the secrets is the coal it contains, which, thanks to its large, porous surface, provides ample living space for the microorganisms. The black earth has become a real bestseller and inspires new gardeners every year. You can either make it yourself or, if you want to be on the safe side in terms of its composition, simply buy the finished earth along the lines of the Terra Preta.
This is how you apply black earth
The "good soil" can be used both outside in the beds and inside in flower pots, for both flowers and vegetables. Depending on whether the plants are heavy feeders or weak feeders, 5 to 20 liters per m² of bed are worked in superficially, a little more for sandy soils. Loamy soils can be enriched with black earth in a ratio of 1 to 1. There is also the option of incorporating Terra Preta into the compost.
What does using this rich material do?
- Your plants are healthy and resistant to diseases and pests.
- The vegetables delight with their full taste and contain all the important nutrients and vitamins.
- The yields are significantly higher than usual.
- They contribute to climate protection, because the coal contained in the black earth binds the climate-relevant CO².
- The roots of your plants enter into a symbiosis with valuable mushrooms, which strengthens them permanently.
- Artificial fertilizers and pesticides kill life in the soil - black earth is pure life, from which you will benefit in the long term.
There are other ways to keep the floor alive - we want to introduce one to you today.
Bokashi - the "small" compost from the bucket
Collecting kitchen waste and letting it rot together with green waste and other organic material results in the finest humus, which is the perfect food for plants of all kinds. The whole thing is called composting and is the imitation of the natural cycles on a small scale. So far, however, this has only been possible for gardeners who have a correspondingly large outdoor area - but the solution for the windowsill gardener is within reach. It is called "Bokashi", which comes from Japanese and means "fermented compost".
The kitchen waste is collected in an airtight sealed bucket, inside which countless microorganisms do their work. In this way, a rich fertilizer can be produced in the smallest space, which, in contrast to a classic bio bin, does not give off an unpleasant smell. All you need is a suitable bucket, effective microorganisms and organic material, which is, however, available in sufficient quantities in every kitchen.
You see, successful gardening is no secret - all you need is a well-fertilized soil that has all the nutrients for your plants.