Whether, when and how to cut climbing roses depends on whether it is a single flowering or multiple flowering climbing rose.© v_tynka / stock.adobe.com A touch of romance spreads. If you surround yourself with climbing roses, you can transform your house wall into a sleeping beauty castle and make the garden look idyllic and enchanted. Climbing roses have to be cut regularly to ensure a lush bloom. Each type of rose requires special care methods. We will tell you why the rose cut should not be missed and how you do it.
- 1 Why do you have to cut climbing roses?
- Cutting 2 climbing roses - when is the best time?
- 2.1 Overview of climbing rose species
- 2.2 Rambler roses - popular varieties
- 2.3 Climber roses - popular varieties
- Cut 3 climbing roses - preparation
- Cutting 4 climbing roses - instructions and time
- Cutting 5 climbing roses - quick guide
- 5.1 Preparation of the pruning
- 5.2 The pruning
- 6 Cut climbing roses that bloom once a year
- 6.1 What needs to be considered?
- 7 Maintenance cut for climbing roses with multiple blooms
- 7.1 What needs to be considered?
- Cut 8 climbing roses - avoid these mistakes
Why do you have to cut climbing roses?
What could be more obvious than simply letting the climbing rose run, after all it grows steeply up and does not take up any unnecessary space for itself. If you do not cut them, you will soon find that the roses grow up, but bare downwards and hardly any flowers. Climbing roses have to be cut to stimulate flowering and promote attractive, compact growth. After pruning, the plants concentrate on the formation of the new shoots.
If you do not cut climbing roses, you will get long, thin shoots, an uneven growth and the flowers will also fail to appear. In addition, the plants are generally weakened and thus more susceptible to diseases and pests.
Cutting climbing roses - when is the best time?
The time depends on the type of rose. A distinction is made between flowering varieties once and several times.
Overview of climbing rose species
|Rambler||May to July||3 to 9 meters|
|Climber||May to July|
August to October
|2 to 4 meters|
Rambler roses have strong growth and are equipped with long, flexible tendrils. These climbing roses are mainly used for greening facades or planting rose arches.
Rambler roses - popular varieties
|rose variety||flower Color|
Climber roses grow rather sparrily and woody. The gardener uses the multiple blooming climbing rose for trellises and for greening smaller columns.
Climber roses - popular varieties
|rose variety||flower Color|
|Dortmund||red with white eye|
|harlequin||white with red border|
The once blooming Rambler climbing roses be immediate after flowering in late summer cut. An annual pruning in spring is not advisable, because this would deprive the main shoots of the necessary energy to grow.
For the flowering several times Climber roses is spring is the ideal time for cutting, On this occasion, old or stunted shoots can be removed and a basis for growth is laid for the coming season. In summer, only faded flower heads and dead wood are removed.
Cutting climbing roses - preparation
The cutting tools must be checked before the cut is made. To avoid damaging the plants, use sharp and clean rose scissors. After winter, many garden tools have become dull and have started to rust.
Those who deal with blunt and unclean rose scissors inflict unnecessary injuries on the plants. The frayed cut edges heal less well and offer pests an entry gate.
|1||Fiskars bypass secateurs for fresh branches and ...||386 reviews||12,90 € 10,99 €||To the shop|
" Note: If sick shoots are cut, the scissors must then be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected so that the germs are not transferred to other roses.
Cutting climbing roses - instructions and time© bildlove / stock.adobe.com The cut dates can be determined based on the two types of roses described. The most important types of cuts are listed in the following overview. At the same time you will find the corresponding dates for rambler and climber.
|Appointment for once blooming Rambler roses||Appointment for multiple blooming climber roses|
Cutting climbing roses - quick guide
Preparation of the pruning
- First, branches that grow in and intersect are removed. These branches are cut directly on the ground so that they can no longer grow back. This gives the climbing rose enough light and enough scope to grow back healthy.
- Before the actual pruning, the branches of the plant are compared. Weak branches are cut out. These disrupt the compact growth of the roses and hardly produce any flowers.
- Spring is the right time to free the roses from deadwood. The dead plant parts catch the eye because of their brown color. It is important to completely remove these parts of the plant because dead wood weakens the plant and attracts pests.
Once the preparations have been completed, the actual pruning can take place.
- Climbing roses are usually cut back less intensively than is the case with upright roses. To promote flowering, only thin shoots are shortened.
- Strong and firm shoots can be bent sideways on the rose arch. Many climbing roses form the most shoots in this position.
- The cut is always to be made at an angle and is made about five millimeters above a bud.
- The side shoots are shortened to two to five buds (eyes).
- After the cut, the remaining shoots are attached to the climbing aid again.
Cut climbing roses that bloom once a year
If an annual maintenance cut is carried out on the Rambler roses, the plants will thank them with an abundance of flowers. Climbing roses that bloom only once a year have emerged from the wild roses. While the dense clusters of flowers inspire in early summer, the decorative fruits appear in autumn.
What is to be considered?
- annual average in February from the fifth year
- Thinning clearing and dead tendrils
- Derive excessively long shoots onto lower side shoots
- Tie rods horizontally during the summer
The long shoots of the previous year should not be cut back. Most flower buds form here. It is time for a rejuvenation cut at the latest every seven years. It is cut in late winter.
Maintenance cut for climbing roses with multiple blooms
The multiple blooming climbing roses grow less abundantly than the Rambler. This simplifies the cut. The cutting measures should aim to promote side branches.
What is to be considered?
- Detach shoots from the climbing aid
- Lay the shoots on the side of the earth
- Cut the side shoots on the trellis back to three to five eyes
- The distance to the next eye should be between five and ten millimeters
- Do not trim long drives from the previous year
After the cut, the climbing rose should look like a chicken ladder. The growth is stimulated by the gradual structure.
Cut climbing roses - avoid these mistakes
- Miss the time
The time can generally be set to spring, but ultimately depends on the prevailing weather. If the frost is no longer to be expected and the nights have become milder, the roses can be cut. If the cut is too early, the roses could be damaged. If you cut too late, the climbing roses will not be able to sprout optimally until summer.
- Neglect cutting tools
You should not save on a pair of rose scissors. Smooth cut edges cannot be created with rusty or blunt cutting tools. However, these are necessary so that the wounds heal as quickly as possible. Pinches at the interfaces make the roses vulnerable to diseases and pests.
- Skip the summer cut
If the roses were cut in spring, the work is not completely done. In summer, the removal of wilted flowers ensures that the after-bloom is sprouted. Climbing roses that bloom only once must also be checked. A plaster cut can promote compact growth.