The Christmas rose actually multiplies through its seeds itself. However, if you prefer container planting, you have another option.© Jürgen Nickel - Fotolia.com Not only in summer do some indoor or outdoor plants impress with their opulent bloom - also in winter some plant species like to bloom, for example to beautify the Christmas season. In addition to the Christmas cactus, this includes, for example, the popular Christmas rose, which is often also referred to as snow rose or Christmas rose. The evergreen plant has long been characterized not only by its flowers, but also by its low maintenance requirements. You can also decide for yourself whether you want to keep the appealing plant outdoors or use it as a slightly larger houseplant in a bucket. What you should know about the care and reproduction of the beautiful Christmas rose, we cover below.
Christmas rose - small plant science
The Christmas rose, also known as Helleborgus niger, is an evergreen plant that can easily survive the winter outdoors. The robust crop is considered poisonous, so caution is advised when planting. Other plants can be damaged if the Christmas rose grows too close to them or reaches their roots. The crop can be planted outdoors, but can also be placed in the tub, provided that it has sufficient depth. If you want to keep the Christmas rose as a houseplant, you should offer it real conditions in winter - such as cold temperatures - otherwise the flower will not develop. Although the Christmas rose only grows up to 30cm high, it needs too much light, sufficient space and depth in its container because of its root and affinity. By the way, the Christmas or snow rose gets a place among other evergreen plants or deciduous trees.
What care does the Christmas rose need?
If you are interested in the multiplication of the Christmas rose, there have to be certain reasons for this - after all, nobody would want to have multiple offshoots of the plant if it would be very busy or if there were no advantages. It is not only the beautiful blossom of the Christmas rose that speaks for propagation, but also its easy-care and robust nature. It places very few demands on soil, substrate and location and therefore makes it very easy to keep. These are the things you need to know about caring for the Christmas rose if you want to use the increased offspring properly:
✓ Christmas roses prefer locations under deciduous trees or shrubs, since light shade is provided here, as well as warming leaves in winter
✓ Christmas rose sprouts its roots deep, which is why a lot of space is needed in the tub and the location should offer deep soil
✓ Needs a lot of light even in winter, but no direct blazing sun - a light shadow is better
✓ permeable substrate with lime content is ideal for Christmas roses
✓ is mostly planted in autumn
✓ Watering only when necessary and drier periods necessary
✓ Plant does not need fertilizer
✓ Cuts are not absolutely necessary
✓ hibernates on its own if it has enough leaves around it
✓ The implementation is not so well tolerated by Christmas roses
handsome appearance in winter
+ evergreen plant that makes the garden look well-kept all year round
+ hibernates alone, provided the location is ideal
+ hardly any maintenance necessary, so that the gardener has little work
+ can be planted in a container, as a houseplant or outdoorsDisadvantages of the Christmas rose
- Plant is poisonous, the secretion can irritate skin and mucous membranes, for example
- requires a deep bucket or deep earth
- does not like being moved or transplanted
- likes locations under deciduous plants or shrubs
Multiply Christmas rose - so success is certain
Because the Christmas rose forms flowers in winter that fall off after wilting and spread their seeds in the garden, it is actually not necessary to multiply the Christmas rose outdoors - it takes over almost on its own. As a result, however, the crop can spread uncontrollably and quickly in areas that one actually does not want to cover with Christmas roses. It can therefore make sense to prevent this uncontrolled multiplication by separating the flowers from the plant in good time after withering. These can then be saved for your own propagation attempts to continue using the seeds. You can either use the sowing of the seeds for yourself, or multiply the Christmas rose with the help of division as desired.
Christmas rose multiply with the help of sowing
If you want to multiply the Christmas rose with the help of collected or bought seeds in the garden, you should bring along a lot of patience as well as time and a knack for growing seedlings. The seeds can be sown directly in the open in autumn, before loosening the soil as much as possible to be permeable enough to prevent waterlogging. Growing indoors is not recommended because the seeds germinate best in the cold and also need them to absorb the typical rhythm of the Christmas rose.
If the seeds are scattered, they can be covered very thinly with soil - conventional substrate for planting is very suitable for this. Watering should be very easy so that the seeds do not have to be in the water - this could damage them and ruin the planting success. If you want to propagate the plant by sowing in spring, you can also only count on seedlings and young plants in the following year.
If you want to get the seeds out of collected flowers, you can put them in a jute bag and then shake vigorously or rub two sides of the bag together. The slightly dried seeds detach from the flower and fall off, so that they remain in the bag on the floor and can be easily collected without having to be picked out by hand.
Christmas rose multiply by plant division
One thing should be clear: propagation by division requires significantly less patience and time, since the plant does not have to reach the necessary size for sufficient robustness via seedlings. To make the division, the Christmas rose only has to be carefully excavated so that it can be divided in the middle. At best, this should be done after the plant has flowered - both parts can then be planted directly back into the soil.