Every now and then the olive tree has to be shaped so that the crown is well ventilated. That's not hard. It is important that you use the scissors carefully.Olive trees need a pruning in order to get a rich harvest. Olive trees mostly grow outside the southern part of the country in buckets, in very mild areas also outdoors. The trees are not very demanding, but it can be an advantage if you cut your sapling regularly. This ensures a beautiful shape, good ventilation and also an increased fruit yield. After all, if you plant an olive tree, you also want to see some olives growing.
➜ Cut back - 2 different options
If you want to cut your olive tree, you have two different options:
- preservation section
- education section
The maintenance cut ensures even growth and the educational cut brings the crown into shape. Olive trees are tolerant of pruning, so you can't go wrong. The amateur gardener often mixes the two cuts. That's no problem at all. It is only important that you remove disruptive, incorrectly growing, sick and weak branches. This way the crown is well ventilated and the tree can develop.
➜ The optimal time
The right time for both cuts is in late winter or spring, in any case before flowering. Cut container plants in winter quarters in January or February, outdoor specimens only when it is no longer freezing.
Incidentally, the cut is not necessary every year, here applies: less is more! In the fall, you can remove annoying, long water shoots that cost the tree too much strength. Exceptionally, you can cut dead or diseased branches and remove branches that are affected by windbreaks. Shoots in the root area can be removed all year round.
➜ The tool for pruning
A rose pruner or secateurs are sufficient for younger trees. Older trees have very hard wood, a hand saw is recommended for thick branches.
➜ Cutting the olive tree - explained step by step
Important at the beginning: Always leave the main shoot, it will only be slightly shortened if necessary, otherwise the tree will be too big. The side shoots should be a little shorter than the main shoot.
" Step 1: Start cutting from the top. The young and fresh wood is shortened so that it has a beautiful shape. It is ideal if the side shoots increase in length from top to bottom. Then a triangular shape forms, the tree crown looks oval. The goal is a loose, airy crown.
" Step 2: You also remove branches that grow inwards and / or intersect with other branches. In this case, always cut the weaker branch. Pathetic branches must also be cut out.
" Step 3: Finally, remove thin, leafy branches from the lower end of the crown.
If you want to have an olive tree in the typical gnarled, unspoilt shape, you only remove poor and weak branches and long, thin water shoots.