Ligurian Mugwort - Aromatic spice and medicinal plant for the herb garden


The Ligurian mugwort is very popular among herb lovers. You can find out more about how to grow and care for it in your garden here.
Ligurian mugwort has a delicately spicy taste with a thyme pepper note © eallko - Fotolia.com

Many hobby gardeners grow a number of aromatic and medicinal herbs. These are particularly appreciated in the kitchen but also for the treatment of health conditions. Indications of this are carefully designed herb spirals or small herb gardens. These contain more aromatic and medicinal plants that meet the respective needs of the garden lover.

In addition, there are similar plant species, which tend to have a simple existence and can be found on the side of the path or on piles of rubble, like mugwort.

One species of this plant genus, the Ligurian bite (Artemisia spec.) Has found a large circle of lovers among herb gardeners and enriches the herb collection. Incidentally, the spice and medicinal herb also "Italian mugwort" called.

The delicately spicy taste ennobles him

This aromatic plant is originally from the Mediterranean. It is grown extensively near the Ligurian coast of Italy and southern France and used there as a delicately spicy additive for the production of liqueurs.

Ligurian mugwort is indispensable in Mediterranean cuisine. Fish and meat as well as pasta dishes are seasoned with it. In contrast to our mugwort, its Italian relative is more aromatic, resinous, oily and stimulates the digestion very well. Because it makes food more digestible, this mugwort is not only appreciated by gourmets.

Cultivation and care of the kitchen herb

As a location, you should choose a sunny spot if possible. This has an advantageous effect on the growth of the plant. Sunlight is important for mugwort so that the essential oils and the spicy aroma can fully develop.

Since the Ligurian mugwort herb is just as strong as its local relative, you should provide enough space for the planting site.

The soil should be permeable and chalky
The herb of several years particularly likes a well-drained, lime and humus rich soil. If the soil is lean, mix some clay flour and compost into it.

Water moderately and fertilize with compost

  • The tasty herbs and medicinal herbs are largely frugal and require little maintenance in summer. During long periods of drought and heat, water the mugwort in the morning if possible. This will prevent water from evaporating at lunchtime with increasing heat. However, make sure that there is no waterlogging, as excessive watering will soon damage the plant.
  • The herbaceous plant is fertilized in spring and late summer with a large amount of compost, which is well incorporated into the soil. In parallel, they mulch the location. Be sure to keep your hands away from other fertilizers, the plant will resent you.

When is the Ligurian mugwort cut?

  • During the vegetation, cut the mugwort back for harvest for the first time. The time is in early summer immediately before the bees open. Use sharp scissors to cut off shoot tips or leaves. This stimulates the crop to develop new parts of the plant. The separated shoots and leaves dry you, so you have a winter supply of this delightful spice herb.
  • The plant is only radically cut back in spring before it starts to sprout again. Let the shoots of the plants stand for the winter. These contain energy reserves and ensure that the underground parts of mugwort survive the cold season.

Pests are warded off
Insect pests avoid mugwort. If you plant mugwort right next to vegetable crops, pests are kept away from the intense, aromatic scent of the spice and medicinal plant. This applies to aphids and earth fleas as well as white cabbage and shield bugs.

Conclusion: The mugwort plant family is large. While the domestic herbs and medicinal herbs have a rather simple existence, its Italian relative is gaining more and more herb lovers. The reason for this is certainly its delicately spicy yet intense aroma. Gourmets appreciate the spice of this herb as well as the stimulating effect on digestion.
The hardy, easy-care crop thrives particularly well in a sunny location with a well-drained, calcareous and humus-rich soil.