The summer daisies are absolute classics in the garden. This is not surprising, since it is easy to plant and is also extremely easy to care for.© hlaine_larkin - Fotolia.com
The plants from the daisy family determine the picture in the summer garden. In contrast to the other plant species, the flower does not extend into late autumn. The leaves of the summer daisy (Leucanthemum) are smaller. The large, white flowers, a symbol of the summer garden, are not overlooked. The summer daisy is a true classic. From May, the striking white flowers appear from the dark green foliage with the yellow eye characteristic of summer marguerite.
If you plant the summer daisies in beds and borders, you will also enjoy butterflies and bees. The plants also attract admiring glances as a container plant or in window boxes. The summer daisy is considered one of the most durable cut flowers, making it easy to bring summer into your room.
When does the summer daisy bloom?
As the name suggests, the plants bloom in summer. In a sunny position and regular watering, the daisy will stretch its white flower heads towards the sun between May and September. Faded flower heads should be removed regularly. This promotes the formation of new inflorescences.
Flowering lazy daisies - the causes
- Location too shady
- insufficient watering
- Inflorescence too narrow
- Floor too tight
- Soil too poor
What types of daisies are there?
An overview of the most popular summer daisies:
|Summer daisy ice star||This species has white, densely filled flower heads. The heyday is July and August. The ray flowers appear as a fringed flower head. This attractive type of plant is very popular in country gardens.|
|Summer daisy Beethoven||This species is particularly tall. The perennials can reach stature heights of up to one meter. The large, showy flowers with their yellow eyes are particularly effective in natural beds and in the farm garden.|
|Summer daisy Christine Hagemann||With its flower heads reminiscent of oversized edelweiss, this species is particularly attractive. When blooming, the center of the flower is slightly greenish. The flower itself shines in pure white. As a cut flower, this variety has a particularly long shelf life.|
|Zwergmargerite||Dwarf daisies are a one-year-old type of daisies that can be planted in beds, but also come into their own in flower boxes. The plant grows to a height of about 25 cm and the white flowers are similar to the inflorescences of the daisies.|
|Summer daisy group pride||As the name suggests, this plant does not like to stand alone. Between June and September the white flower stars appear, which become an eye-catcher in borders or in the cottage garden. The profusion of flowers is particularly abundant and the plant reaches stature heights of around 50 cm.|
Planting summer daisies - how to do it right
The summer marguerite is a fairly undemanding plant that is generally satisfied with normal garden soil outdoors. A sunny location promotes abundant flowering. Flowering also favors a nutrient-rich soil. The floor should not be too dry, but waterlogging should be avoided in any case. The plant feels less comfortable in heavy clay soils and in sandy locations. The location should not be too humid in winter. Since the summer marguerite spreads clumpily, it needs space accordingly. Up to five plants can be placed on one square meter. If the soil is fresh, well drained and rich in nutrients, the plant will grow up quickly. A protected location is also important. The flower stems can easily buckle. It is therefore advisable to provide the growing plants with a support. Summer daisies can reach heights of around 80 centimeters and harmonize very well with delphiniums, poppies or lupines in the bed.
What should be considered when planting out?
- choose a sunny location
- provide enough space in the flower bed
- nutrient-rich, loose soil
- protected location
Summer daisies can also be grown from seeds. The seeds can already be sown in plant pots in a warm room in March. In May, after the Ice Saints, sowing can take place directly in the flower bed.
" Tip: The plant is the ideal addition to the cottage garden and the seeds can also be easily distributed in flower meadows.
What needs to be considered when caring for summer daisies?© Carola Schubbel - Fotolia.com
The plant turns out to be quite undemanding. There should hardly be any problems when choosing the right location. If the summer daisy is watered regularly, it will thank you with its abundance of flowers. After the first flowering, a pruning can be carried out to ensure an equally extensive second flower. After the summer, the daisy sheds the leaves. A new cut should only be made in spring. When planting, make sure that the plants have enough space. Otherwise the daisies interfere with the growth. The plants have to be watered regularly, in dry periods also several times a day. Waterlogging is the plant's biggest enemy.
Water and fertilize summer daisies properly
A sunny location is rewarded with a rich bloom from the plant. However, summer daisies always need sufficient water. It is important to keep an eye on the nature of the soil, because the plant cannot tolerate waterlogging. Watering needs to be done regularly even in partially shaded locations. Water should not be given in full sun. The best watering time is the morning and evening hours. So that excess water can run off and waterlogging is avoided, it is advisable to provide drainage. As a rule, additional fertilization in the open is not necessary; the plant is usually satisfied with a loose, nutrient-rich garden soil. To improve the quality of the soil, it can be upgraded with compost. Conventional garden fertilizer is also well tolerated and is particularly recommended for container plants.
Do summer daisies need to be cut back?
Summer daisies bloom between May and September. This long flowering period of five months can result in over-flowering. If the summer daisies are cut back after flowering in early autumn, you can form new shoots and thus survive the winter better. Older perennials should generally be pruned after flowering and also split. The result is vigorous new shoots and a profusion of flowers in the following year.
Pruned summer daisies are more robust and long-lived than untreated plants that quickly age and age. After the first flowering, the plant can be cut back to about a third to promote the second flowering.
Pests and diseases of summer daisies
In general, the plant is hardly susceptible to diseases or pests. If the care instructions are followed and the plant gets a sunny location, the hobby gardener should hardly have any problems with the robust plants. Occasionally the daisies can be infested with caterpillars. Anyone who regularly checks their outdoor plants will recognize this well. The caterpillars are sufficient as a countermeasure.
In the event of waterlogging, however, the summer marguerite reacts sensitively and the following problems can arise:
If the plants are permanently too wet, mold can form. The plant is badly affected and there are brown spots on the leaves. Mold is particularly common on summer daisies kept in pots or tubs. Mold can be easily identified due to a wet stand and also due to an unpleasant, musty smell that rises from the plant.
What should I do?
- Take the plant out of the earth
- Remove rotten roots and infested leaves
- Rinse roots and let dry slightly
- Plant in new, nutrient-rich soil
- pour on carefully
Waterlogging or a too shady location are the triggers for leaf spot disease. This mushroom shows itself in the form of brownish to black leaf spots
What should I do?
- Remove infested leaves
- Leaves are not allowed on the compost
- After-treatment with fungicides makes sense
Mildew is one of the most common fungal diseases in the flower bed. Warm, moist soils offer a preferred nutrient medium for mildew. The spores are spread by the wind. This is preferably done on warm, damp days. Powdery mildew can be seen on the leaves of the plant during the daily inspection. These show a white to greyish coating.
What should I do?
- Spray on mixture of water and milk
- after drying, treat with clear water
- Lice and mites are coming
Aphids and spider mites
Occasionally, aphid or spider mite infestation occurs. Aphids can be seen with the naked eye. Infested parts of plants show sticky spots. The leaves curl up and eventually fall off. Aphids can be effectively removed with soft soap or a brew of nettles or black fern. The entire plant should be sprayed with the solution.
Spider mites are often not recognizable at first glance because the webs are often on the underside of the leaves. If the leaves turn yellow, this is a clear sign of an attack with spider mites. These pests can be effectively dealt with using commercially available pesticides. These are available on a chemical or plant basis.
How can summer daisies be propagated?
Summer daisies can be propagated through seeds and cuttings. Anyone who chooses to multiply seeds can start planting the seeds in February and growing them on the windowsill. The plants are then allowed to move outdoors in mid-May.
Propagation with cuttings - how it works
- cut cuttings in late summer
- Twigs should be about ten inches long
- Bring cuttings into the ground
- water regularly
- after forming the roots, place them in larger vessels
- Hibernate young plants indoors
- Plant outdoors next spring
What should be considered when wintering daisies?
After flowering, the plants should be cut back completely. Good irrigation and the application of compost promote flowering the following year. Container plants should be brought into the house before the first frosts. The location should be bright and not chosen to be warm. The plants also need water in winter. However, the root ball must not be too wet. Plants left outdoors can be covered with brushwood or protected from severe frost with garden fleece. Daisies in the field serve as winter protection for flowered stems. Therefore, complete pruning before winter is only recommended for tub plants.
The special beauty - the daisy tree
The daisy tree is a real eye-catcher as a container plant. The plants create a summer mood on the balcony and terrace and abundant blooms in a small space. The daisies were specially bred for this form of growth and do not grow in a bush-like manner as the plant itself, but as an attractive stem. The daisy stem also blooms all summer.
New flowers are produced faster and more abundantly if blooming inflorescences are removed regularly. The container plant needs a sunny location. Full sun is tolerated. Partial shade is possible, but is acknowledged with less bloom. Regular watering is very important. Container plants also need a commercially available liquid fertilizer every 14 days. With daisies as well, pruning after the first flower can favor a second bloom. The stems should overwinter at around ten degrees in bright stairwells or in attics. Dark cellars, however, are not recommended. In mild winters, with a little luck, the plants can also be wintered over in a sheltered location on the balcony or terrace. Covering with garden fleece is necessary in any case.
Summer daisies and their use
Summer daisies are particularly popular in beds, borders and cottage gardens. The plants also set atmospheric accents in the tub on the terrace or balcony. The bright white flowers ensure lightness. This is particularly useful when the plants are planted in front of hedges, for example. Color accents can be set in group plantings with poppies, roses, fire lilies or gladiolus. The summer daisy is a perennial cut flower and stays in the vase for several weeks. The water should be changed regularly. The shelf life can be increased if the stem of the summer daisies is regularly shortened and cut lengthways.