Carnations actually multiply on their own. However, if you want to help, there are two different options.© Mumpitz - Fotolia.com
Basically, the carnation (Lychnis) does not need any support for the propagation. The plants sow themselves diligently. This leads to remarkable plant carpets within a very short period of time, provided that you do not prune faded stems in time.
In general, multiplication by division and by seeds is possible.
Increase light cloves easily by division
Having to operate new plants particularly quickly and without great effort means that you gain new plants. If the plants are cut back in spring, the best time is to dig out the carnation and cut the root area into several segments with a sharp knife or a spade. Sections that are suitable for reuse should have at least two buds.
Plant carnations after division - how it works
❶ Select location
❷ Loosen and clean the floor
❸ Dig out the planting hole
❹ Mix the substrate with compost or horn shavings
Einsetzen Put the plant back in the previous depth
❻ Close the planting hole
❼ Press on the floor
Ang Water the plant
Propagation by seeds
The seeds for various types of carnations are available in specialist shops. If you have the opportunity, you can also take the seeds from existing plants. Seed capsules form from the flowers and spring open in autumn. Now you should act quickly, because caterpillars like to feast on the seeds of the carnation.
The propagation by seeds does not pose any major problems for the hobby gardener. The seeds can be sown directly outdoors or can also be grown in a suitable growing device. Sowing behind glass can take place in late winter. Seeds can be sown immediately from May. However, the first flowering can be delayed until the following year.
" Tip: Carnations are light germs. Therefore, the seeds are not covered with soil, but only lightly pressed on.
Sowing explained step by step
❶ Choose location
❷ Remove weeds and stones from the ground
❸ Loosen the soil and add compost if necessary
❹ Apply seeds
❺ Press the floor slightly
❻ Carefully moisten the seeds
The earth must not dry out in the following days. Water moderately and avoid waterlogging in any case. If the young carnations have grown a few centimeters, they should be pricked. The strongest plants are left in the ground or placed directly in another location outdoors or in a bucket.
Some location requirements for selected types of carnation
Fire cloves love a sunny location. They also have no objection to the blazing midday sun. The floor should be permeable. So loosen up the substrate and mix in compost or horn shavings as slow-release fertilizer. Avoiding waterlogging can be avoided by laying a drain.
The Alpine carnation likes to stand in the full sun. The soil should be permeable, because the plant does not tolerate waterlogging. Alpine carnations also tolerate dry sections for a longer period of time and should only be watered if the ground already feels dry.
The white carnation has nothing against intensive sunbathing either. The plant will grow less in a shady location and will hardly flower. A clay soil should be selected as the preferred substrate.
Crowns of carnation
Crowns Carnations are quite undemanding and can also cope with poor, nutrient-poor soils. A full sun location is welcomed.
A full sun location is ideal for the cuckoo carnation. The floor should appear fresh and permeable. The plants do not tolerate waterlogging, so the liquid should drain off easily.
Multiply carnations - the advantages and disadvantages
|The propagation is uncomplicated and easy to do even for less experienced hobby gardeners.||If there are no plants, the seeds must be purchased.|
|Seeds can easily be obtained from existing plants.||Plants that are grown from seeds only start to flower in the second year of standing.|
|Anyone looking for a special variety in the bed will quickly find what they are looking for thanks to the numerous varieties available on the market.||The location and soil requirements vary from species to species.|
|The propagation is usually successful, which is an additional motivation for the hobby gardener.||If these practices are not observed, the multiplication can also fail.|
What to do after planting
Carnations are quite undemanding. Once you have found the right location and know the requirements of your type of carnation, you will enjoy the flowering garden plants for a long time. Most young plants have a high need for moisture and should therefore be watered regularly. If the soil has been upgraded with compost and horn shavings before planting, it is not necessary to add further fertilizer.
" Tip: Many young plants do not tolerate calcareous water, so water with rainwater instead of tap water.
Planting carnations in a bucket - what should you watch out for?
If the carnations are placed in planters after they have been grown, they require more maintenance than species cultivated outdoors. The fluid and nutrient requirements are generally higher. So water regularly. Since waterlogging should be avoided, drainage is an advantage. Make sure that the planter has sufficient drainage holes and use pottery shards or gravel on the bottom of the pot to make the substrate more permeable.
In order to ensure a rich flowering, fertilization is advisable during the growth phase. A commercially available liquid fertilizer for flowering plants, e.g. this one here. In the winter, the planter should move into the house. If carnations are also hardy, there is a risk in the tub that the substrate will freeze completely and the plant will no longer be able to absorb nutrients.