The fruits of the plum are sweet, slightly spicy and therefore very popular everywhere. If you want to bring the fruit tree into the garden, you don't have to pay much attention to planting. The noble plum is undemanding and easy to care for.© RRF - Fotolia.com
The noble plum (Prunus domestica subsp. Italica) is one of the plums and has spherical instead of egg-shaped fruits. The plums include the real plums and the reindeer clods. The juicy plums can turn yellow, green-yellow, blue or red. Plums have been known since the 17th century and are used for fruit tree cultivation in Europe and Asia.
Sweet plums taste best fresh from the tree. But processing into jam or compote is also common. If you also want to harvest the juicy fruits yourself soon, you can find out here what should be considered when planting prunes.
Which plum should be planted?
Before planting, you should first take a closer look at the fruit trees. The noble plum belongs to the rose family and is closely related to cherries, peaches or almonds, which also belong to the Prunus genus. The real plums and the reindeer are native to our latitudes.
The real noble plum is a dark red to blue-black globular fruit, which is in the varieties
- "Colorful Perdrigon"
- "Peach Plum"
- "Wine Plum"
is on the market.
Reneclodes are colored yellow-green and have a sweeter taste. Both very old cultivars and various new varieties are on the market. Both species are quite well adapted to our climate and do not differ in terms of planting.
Find the right location
Sweet plums probably originate from the Asian region and are quite heat-loving plants. The fruit trees therefore thrive particularly well in southern Europe and northern Africa.
A warm and protected location is important for the prunes. In Germany, they thrive in climatically favorable regions, such as the Rhine Valley or Lake Constance. Cultivation is also possible in colder regions, various varieties have proven to be quite robust. These include the old cultivars "Meroldts Reneclode" or "Uhinks Reneklode".
" Tip: Before making a purchase, inquire whether the respective variety can cope with the given location conditions.
Keeping the reindeer loden in the bucket - is that possible?
So that the cultivation of the plum is possible without restrictions even in regions with less favorable climates, the container has proven itself. However, the planter should have an appropriate size and not less than 70 liters. Weak varieties are a good choice for tubs. However, the orcharder is required to take care of the tub plant, because plants in the tub need more water and nutrients than a plant in the field that can be well supplied via the soil.
Find the right substrate
Sweet plums grow in normal garden soil. The substrate can be enriched with compost before planting. Plants that are too dry get less. The floor should always be slightly damp and appear permeable enough so that the liquid can drain away easily.
" Tip: Plums tolerate calcareous soils and can therefore also be watered with tap water.
If you want to be on the safe side, you can determine the pH of the plant before planting. Appropriate test strips are available from every garden center. Ideally, the pH should be between 6.5 and 7. The floor should not dry out completely. Compared to the other representatives in the orchard, the plum quite often needs watering.
Planting prunes - explained step by step
❶ Select location
❷ Loosen up, clean and upgrade the floor
❸ Water the root ball
❹ Dig out the planting hole
Einsetzen Insert drainage
❻ Place the plum in the planting hole
❼ Fill up the substrate
❽ Press the earth down well
❾ Water the plant sufficiently
First the location is selected. This should be as warm, sunny and protected from the wind as possible. Appropriate processing is necessary so that the base of the plum provides the ideal basis for growth. This includes loosening up the substrate and removing stones and weeds. In order to prevent waterlogging, coarse sand or gravel can be incorporated as drainage. Enrichment with compost, horn shavings or guano additionally supplies the substrate with nutrients.
The planting hole should be dug at least twice the width and depth of the root ball. Before the plum is planted, the root ball should be able to soak up enough liquid. For this, the plant is placed in a bucket of water and left there until no more air bubbles rise. After the plum has been placed in the planting hole, the substrate is filled up. The plant is easy to shake so that there are no gaps. Adequate irrigation is very important for prunes right from the start.
" Tip: Those who expect a rich harvest should not neglect the irrigation of the plants. A rule of thumb here is to irrigate with the garden hose for at least one hour.
Planting prunes in a bucket - step by step instructions
❶ Select planter
❷ Prepare the substrate
❸ Water the plant
❹ Incorporate drainage
Einsetzen Insert the plant
❻ Fill up the substrate
Ießen Water the plant well
The planter should never be too small so that the prunes can also thrive in the tub.
" Tip: The plum is not really suitable for container keeping. This possibility should only serve as an alternative if the local conditions do not allow planting outdoors.
The substrate should be chosen particularly nutrient-rich, because the plant has to get by with the nutrient supply in the cramped planter. Since potted plants can quickly become waterlogged and adequate irrigation is necessary in any case, drainage in the planter should ensure the permeability of the soil. Clay granules or coarse gravel are laid on the bottom of the vessel. The prunes are easy to water before planting. There should also be no savings when watering after planting. If the substrate is adequately supplied with compost and mulched regularly, the precious plum in the bucket should have sufficient nutrients available.