The service tree is becoming increasingly rare in our gardens. It bears very tasty fruits and is also very undemanding to care for.© emer - Fotolia.com
The service tree is a tree that is rarely seen today. The service tree is also called Spierapfel or Spierling. It belongs to the wild fruit trees, from whose fruits jams and juices can be made.
The number of trees is declining significantly every year. Nevertheless, many people like to plant this tree in the home garden. The tree is basically very undemanding, but there are a few things to take care of if you want to keep the tree for a long time.
The optimal time to plant
The service tree is a tree that is often planted in the home garden because it bears very good fruit. The tree is planted as a young plant in autumn. This has the advantage that the floor is still warm, as the service tree likes it to be. In addition, a calcareous soil should be chosen, because this is preferred by the service tree. The tree is planted in autumn and can then spend the winter outdoors.
Due to the high humidity and the high level of soil moisture in winter, the roots can be anchored very well in the ground and the tree can easily settle in the ground. Care should be taken to ensure that there is no waterlogging in the area of the roots, because the service tree does not like this. If you put narrow sprouts, you should support them with a bamboo stick. The plant grows very quickly, but often still needs support at first until the shoots have become stronger and thicker. The bamboo stick also helps to ensure that the thin branches do not bend due to the often strong wind, but can move in the wind.
The right location
The service tree is a very frugal plant that copes very well with many locations. Just make sure that the tree has enough space to spread out. Therefore, all surrounding bushes should be removed. Most of the time you look for a place in advance where the service tree can unfold its full splendor without being restricted in its growth. The tree needs a lot of sun to grow. This is the reason why it often withers in forests. Other trees grow faster and take sunlight away from the tree. However, this is vital for him, which is why he should be planted in a sunny place in the garden.
The right pouring
The service tree is a very robust, resilient tree species once it has grown. Failures often occur immediately after planting because the young plants are sensitive to enemies. If the young plant has made it into a large tree, it is resistant to many external influences.
The service tree needs a lot of water to thrive. In summer it should be watered with plenty of water at least once a day. Because the service tree likes calcareous soils, the rainwater, which is calcareous, can also be used for watering. However, care should be taken to ensure that there is no waterlogging in the floor. Therefore, many owners prefer to water the service tree with less water, but two or three times a day. In winter, the service tree needs less water because it gets the necessary liquid from the ground.
The right fertilization
Many plants have to be fertilized regularly in order to develop all their splendor. This does not apply to the service tree. This tree is very robust against external influences. If you plant young plants in your home garden, you can treat them with slow release fertilizers so that the young plants can grow well.
Many people also use compost, which they pour into the earth before filling the hole. This ensures that fertilizer and compost reach the roots and the young plants can develop. Subsequent fertilization is no longer necessary.
Protection against game browsing
The service tree has few natural enemies. Since this tree bears very tasty fruits, the trunk and roots are popular foods for different wild animals. Voles in particular target the service tree. Therefore, the roots should be protected with a wire. So-called wire baskets can be bought. The young plant is placed in the wire basket and buried in the ground. The trunk should also be protected with a wire. For this you use a fine wire mesh, which you wrap around the tree trunk. The voles have no possibility to eat the trunk or the roots.
Protection from frost and cracks
If the service tree has grown into a large tree, this is a very robust tree. Too much sun exposure, but also too frequent frost can damage the bark. This will crack and the tree will break sooner or later. The trunk of the service tree can therefore be covered with a jute sack in autumn. Jute fabric can be bought in large parts so that the entire trunk can be wrapped with it.
Another possibility is the white painting. With a special white color, e.g. this is where the trunk is brushed in well.
Protection against diseases
The young plants are still relatively susceptible to diseases. Fungus in particular is often very pronounced. To prevent this, the young plants can be treated regularly with a fungicide. This prevents, but also kills fungi and their spores.
Aphid infestation is also a common disease in the service tree. Different products can kill them in a targeted manner without attacking the tree.
The right cut
The service tree should be cut a little in spring. The branches usually grow evenly, so that the service tree always maintains a beautiful shape. Nevertheless, healthy branches should also be pruned a little. This has the advantage that the tree looks beautiful and the branches grow stronger and stronger.
A strong pruning should be done especially in the first year after the service tree has been set. A later cut in the following years is no longer absolutely necessary.