Kiwis are not so easy to grow in the garden. Kiwi berries, however, already. The only thing that matters is proper care. Then the harvest is also rich.© ClaraNila - Fotolia.com
You don't have to buy kiwis in the supermarket. They can also be grown in the form of kiwi berries in your own garden. The long, slender shoots of the mini kiwi wind up meters high. The mostly cream-white flowers appear in June. The yellow autumn colors also appear particularly attractive.
The little sister of the supermarket kiwi is also a real vitamin bomb. Only 100 grams of the small power berry cover almost the entire daily requirement of vitamin C. Reason enough to take a closer look at the kiwi berry and explain the requirements for successful cultivation in more detail.
Pour kiwi berries correctly
It is important to know that a lot of water evaporates through the leaves of the plants. Regular watering is therefore essential if the plant is to bear sufficient fruit. You should water the plant daily during the growing season and on particularly hot days. Otherwise watering two to three times a week is sufficient. The floor must not dry out. You have to be very careful, because the kiwi berry does not get waterlogged. The plants are just as sensitive to drought.
Properly fertilize kiwi berries
After planting, you should first avoid fertilizing. If you have added compost to the plant soil, this fulfills the function of an effective long-term fertilizer. You should start with an additional fertilization at the earliest in the second year of standing.
If young plants are fertilized too much, the plant will sprout too much. The shoots can mature poorly and frost damage can result.
You can start giving organic fertilizer at the end of March. You should give fertilizers in late summer so that the shoots have enough time to ripen before winter. You can mix organic fertilizer under the mulch layer. From the third year on, animal manure is an advantageous natural fertilizer.
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While the fruits are developing, the mini kiwifruit have an increased need for nutrients. You can pour commercially available liquid fertilizers for flowering plants in low concentrations over the mulch layer. Because kiwi berries are sensitive to salt, you should not use mineral fertilizers.
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Education is necessary
Kiwi berries aim high. In their natural environment they wind up on tree trunks. So you have to help in the garden at home. The easiest method is to grow the mini kiwi in a columnar shape. However, this has a negative impact on the possible crop yields. The horizontal guidance of the shoots is an advantage. A T-framework has proven itself here. Pay attention to stability when constructing, because the fruits bring some weight. Incidentally, the upbringing on the T-frame makes it easier for you to cut.
Hibernate kiwi berries properly
While the large kiwis from the supermarket tolerate some frost, but are lazy to bloom, their little relatives are much more robust. Depending on the variety and type, temperatures of up to -30 degrees are tolerated without the flower suffering.
However, late frosts pose a danger to the mini kiwi. The plants finally begin to sprout in March. So make sure you have a protected location. Night frosts cause the fresh shoots to freeze. The plants do not tolerate excessive sunlight in winter either. A soil that is too dry or too humid also affects the winter hardiness of the mini kiwi.
Identify and combat diseases in the kiwi berry
Diseases and pests are less of a problem for the kiwi berry. The plants are considered to be extremely robust and adapted to our circumstances. Nevertheless, they can also be infected. Or care errors make the berries difficult.
Ehler Maintenance errors:
Maintenance errors can lead to general weakening of the plants, which can result in pest infestation or fungal diseases. If the plants are too moist, the roots will start to rot. If this remains undetected, the entire plants often die.
❍ Snail infestation:
Young plants are particularly popular with snails. In addition to applying chemical pesticides, it can also be helpful to sprinkle the soil around the plant with pine needles or gravel. Cat litter can also serve as a barrier and protect plants from snail infestation. However, you need to replace the litter after rainfall.
❍ Verticillium wilt:
According to some reports, mini-kiwis are also susceptible to the Verticillium wilt. Therefore, do not choose the location in the immediate vicinity of potatoes, strawberries and other nightshade plants.
Ess Cherry vinegar fly:
Recently, the kiwi berry has also made the cherry vinegar fly an enemy. Ripe fruits are cut open by the insects and used to lay eggs. Effective means are not yet on the market. It is therefore important to know that the cherry vinegar fly only affects ripe fruit whose skin has already become soft. Harvest the fruits at an earlier stage of ripeness and then let them ripen in the refrigerator, the fruits should be spared from an infestation.