“Prince William” raisin tree - plant, care for and cut back


Raisin tree "Prince William" is called a rock pear, which captivates as a fruit tree and ornamental shrub hobby gardener. We explain location and maintenance here.

© Anneke - Fotolia.com - Fotolia.com

No question: Fruits that the hobby gardener can nibble from hand to mouth are particularly tempting. One of these fruits grows on the Prince William raisin tree. Admittedly, it is not raisins at the moment, but it is nonetheless extraordinarily delicate fruits that taste similar to blueberries. This “tree” is a useful wood on the one hand, and an ornamental shrub on the other. This means a cultivation of the rock pear with the botanical name Amelanchier canadiens. The term “raisin tree” may be misleading. There is also a “Japanese raisin tree”. However, the two are not related to each other.

What is so special about "Prince William"

This variety of rock pear is in demand because of its abundance of flowers and the unprecedented yield of its fruits. The up to 1.5 centimeters large dark blue fruits are considered the largest of their kind. You can harvest them from the end of June to the beginning of July, even from young shrubs.

The “Prince William” raisin tree (Amelanchier canadensis) blooms from April to May. Its flowers are arranged in a cream-white cluster.

Its leaves are bronze in color when they sprout, later they turn dark green. In autumn the foliage takes on a beautiful orange-red color.

This woody plant can reach a height of 1.5 to 2 meters and is suitable as a specimen plant and also for group planting.

The optimal planting conditions for the raisin tree

❍ Location:

The fast growing and robust fruit and ornamental tree prefers a sunny to partially shaded location. A bright place is important because it guarantees the abundance of flowers and yield of the fruit.

❍ floor:

The special variety of rock pear makes no special demands on the ground. It is satisfied with permeable to slightly loamy soil. If you may have heavy garden soil, work sand and humus into it.
You can plant this special fruit and ornamental tree in spring and autumn.

How to properly care for the plant

© dieter76 - Fotolia.com

Watering and fertilizing:

If the tree is well rooted and has taken up its position, watering and fertilizing are not necessary. You only need to water the shrub during longer heat periods.

Water your young plant regularly in the first few weeks, because only then will it grow quickly.

Additional nutrients are not necessary. If flowering power and fruit yield decrease after a few years, fertilize with a little ripe compost and lime.

Rear section:

You don't need to cut your raisin tree in the first few years. If the wood gets old, it loses its shape. Older shoots are now cut out. If you later plan a taper cut, split the work over two years. Cut one half of the branch mass in one spring and the other half in the next spring.


The "Prince William" raisin tree belongs to the rock pear family and bears the largest fruits of its kind. The multi-stemmed shrub is popular as a fruit tree and ornamental shrub. A sunny location with well drained soil is preferred. Once the shrub has grown, it hardly needs any water. Only older specimens with some compost and lime are fertilized behaviorally. You do not need to cut the wood in the first few years until it has lost its shape after several years.