The Australian tea tree is used to other habitats in its home. If you want to keep the plant in the bucket here, you should consider a few care instructions.© Melastmohican - Fotolia.com
Since growing an Australian tea tree is not the easiest and the myrtle plant with the botanical name Melaleuca Alternifolia can rarely be bought as a young plant, it is particularly important to take care of the plant properly. To be able to do this, however, you first have to know about the preferences of the plant and find out what you are not doing well. How demanding is the Australian tea tree, whose tea tree oil is highly effective, really?
Interesting facts about the type of crop
In order to better understand the preferences and correct care methods of the Australian tea tree, one should know about its natural habitats. The Australian tea tree can of course only be found growing in Australia and Tasmania, where it mainly occurs in swampy areas or wet areas. Only after James Cook discovered the plant and used its leaves to brew tea did it find enthusiastic followers in other parts of the world.
If you consider their natural habitat, it becomes clear that the plant not only needs a lot of sun, but also a lot of moisture. For this reason, care must always be taken to ensure that the root of the Australian tea tree does not dry out - this would mean the growth of the crop.
- the bush of the Australian tea tree is evergreen
- the shrub develops white flowers in the middle of the year
- perennial crop
- grows up to seven meters
- the older the crop, the firmer its trunk appears
Important information about the care of the Australian tea tree
Caring for a plant not only includes regular watering, but many more things that need to be observed and carried out regularly if you want to keep your plant healthy and long-lasting. If you consider the following care details for the Australian tea tree, you can hardly go wrong. The Australian tea tree is particularly suitable for anyone with a green thumb because of its demands and sensitivity when growing.
❍ Hibernate Australian tea tree
First of all, it should be clear that the Australian tea tree, despite its growth, belongs in the tub to be grown as an ornamental plant. This is because it is not winter-proof and cannot stand temperatures below one degree Celsius. This means that as soon as it gets cooler, it should be brought into your own premises. At best, it is placed in a light-flooded place near large windows so that it can be regularly ventilated. The sunnier and warmer the room, the more the Australian tea tree should be watered at home during the winter. It is important, however, that there is no waterlogging.
❍ The ideal location during warmer seasons
Because the Australian tea tree is an ornamental plant that is kept in a bucket in our climate zones, there is enough space on a balcony or terrace to house the plant well. It is only important that the Australian tea tree is set up where it is very sunny, but wind can not affect it much. The subsoil should be able to drain water to avoid waterlogging and not to make the tea tree susceptible to disease.
❍ Water Australian tea tree properly
Moisture is very important for the Australian tea tree, especially at warmer temperatures - the frequent watering of this plant is therefore an absolute must from spring to autumn. It should be noted that the water used for watering is low in lime. Rainwater is best used, alternatively softened water can be used. Generally, the Australian tea tree prefers a pH of 5-6. As for the right soil, or the right substrate for holding the tea tree in a bucket, it should be as nutrient-rich and low in lime as possible - rhododendron substrates, for example, are suitable.
❍ Fertilize the Australian tea tree properly
If the Australian crop receives a nutrient-rich substrate as a habitat, you don't really have to pay too much attention when it comes to fertilizing. If you want to do something good for your plant, you can give it a kind of fertilizer cure: This should best take place between spring and autumn and be carried out for 14 days. Any conventional plant fertilizer for container plants is suitable for this fertilizer cure, it should only be noted that the fertilizer contains little phosphate and nitrogen.
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In principle, when caring for the Australian tea tree, one or two mistakes can be left behind without a guilty conscience, because even with its higher demands, the crop turns out to be a robust and long-lived crop after successful cultivation. It is only important that the root must never really dry out.
❍ Correctly cut the Australian tea tree
Since the Australian tea tree can reach a height of up to seven meters and can grow dense and bushy in the tub, you can see quite quickly after the successful growing phase. But that is not a problem, since the Australian tea tree can be shortened and shaped without any problems. As long as the root is intact and healthy and the tree looks strong enough, the tree can be cut practically as desired. Only young plants of the species should be spared, since they did not yet have enough starch in the trunk. If you want to achieve more shoots, you should make a cut directly behind the withered flowers after the plants have blossomed - this way the tree grows denser, ideal for being cut round and maintaining a more compact shape.
The essentials for the maintenance of the Australian tea tree in brief
- loves a lot of sun and moisture
- Prevent waterlogging
- use lime-free water for watering
- not winterproof
- fertilize once a year
- nutrient-rich soils are preferred
- the root must never dry out
Since the Australian tea tree grows quickly and abundantly, it is also of great importance to repot it regularly and to offer a little more living space - the substrate used for this should definitely be fresh and not used before, as the tea tree could otherwise be more susceptible to diseases , Here you can also regularly check whether its roots show damage - if this is the case, you can cut them back at the affected areas with a sharp knife. With each repotting, a layer of gravel should also be placed in the bucket bottom to avoid waterlogging. A clear sign that the plant has to be repotted is when the root already grows out of the water drains of the bucket.