Increasing echevery is a breeze. There are 4 ways to do this, each with its advantages and disadvantages.© miss_mafalda - Fotolia.com
Echeveria is one of the most popular succulents. It brings variety to the flower window, is very easy to care for, does not take small care mistakes badly and can inspire its observers on the balcony and terrace even in summer.
If you like the plant and play with the idea of multiplying this pretty and uncomplicated plant, you will find helpful tips and advice on how to successfully use the exotic succulents.
The propagation of the Echeverie (Echeveria agavoides) is possible in the following way:
- leaf cuttings
Propagation options explained in more detail
Multiplication by division
If the hobby gardener has placed a rosette in a planter and placed it in a sunny location by the flower window or outdoors, he will often not believe his eyes after the summer. It has not stopped at a rosette. Numerous small plants have joined in and fill out the plant pot.
Propagation by division is the simplest method, because the hobby gardener only has to use a few simple steps to obtain whole plants, which, when transplanted separately, can be cultivated like the mother plant.
Propagation by division explained step by step
❶ Remove the plant from the planter
❷ Shake the earth well
Vorsichtig Carefully separate small leaf rosettes
❹ Protect roots
❺ Place young plants in separate planters
❻ Cultivate as usual
To be able to divide the plant, it must be removed from the planter. If the earth is largely shaken off, the roots can be easily recognized. The roots must not be injured while the small rosettes of leaves are separated from the mother plant. The plants can be divided several times. In any case, there should be a sufficiently stable root system so that the young plants can also grow well separately. Rosettes with sufficient roots are placed in separate planters and lightly watered. Whole plants are obtained immediately, which can be cultivated as usual from the mother plant.
Propagation by offshoot
The lower leaves must be removed from the leaf rosette before branches are obtained. Otherwise these could start to rot on the damp earth. The stems of the rosette are cut back to a length of about two centimeters.
" Tip: Offshoots are not independent plants. They grow directly from the rosette, look similar to the mother plant, but do not yet have their own roots.
Propagation by offshoots explained step by step
❶ Remove the lower leaves of the rosette
❷ Cut the rosette stems back to about two centimeters
❸ Place cuttings in the planter
❹ Moisten the soil slightly
❺ Application of quartz sand promotes root formation
❻ Place the planter in a light but not in full sun
Halten Keep the substrate slightly damp
The cuttings are placed in a planter filled with substrate. Root formation can be promoted by applying a layer of quartz sand to the substrate. The offshoot also finds better grip in the moist substrate. The planters are placed in a bright location. The blazing sun should be avoided when growing offspring. Watering is moderate. The substrate should appear slightly damp but not appear completely wet.
" Tip: Rooting doesn't take much patience. The offshoots are successfully rooted after only about three weeks.
Propagation by leaf cuttings
Not every echevery makes it easy for the hobby gardener and diligently trains side rosettes. If you still want to propagate the plant, you can do this with the help of leaf cuttings. As the name suggests, only one of the thick, fleshy leaves is used for this type of propagation.
Propagation by leaf cuttings explained step by step
❶ Select healthy and strong leaves
❷ Separate the leaf from the mother plant
❸ Place the cuttings in the planting bowl
❹ Moisten substrate slightly
❺ Cover the substrate with quartz sand
❻ Set up the cutting light but not in full sun
❼ water moderately
A well-developed leaf can serve as a cutting. This can be separated from all parts of the plant. Flower shoots can also be used. This is particularly useful for species that form only a few leaves. These are shrubby growing species. The sheet should be cut off with a particularly sharp knife. This creates a smooth cut edge.
" Tip: Frayed cut edges damage the plant and offer bacteria and pests an entry gate.
A flat bowl can be used for cultivation. This should be filled with a substrate suitable for succulents, e.g. this one here. The earth is covered with a layer of quartz sand or perlite. This protects the cuttings from rotting and promotes the formation of the roots. The cuttings do not need to be covered and should be placed in a bright location that is protected from direct sunlight.
After about three weeks, the cuttings take root, which indicates successful growth. If you keep an eye on the rooted area, you will soon see that a small plant is developing there. Now a little more is poured. The soil should always be slightly damp and must not dry out.
After a further six to eight weeks, the young plant is sufficiently developed to move to a sunny location and to be cultivated like a full-fledged plant.
Propagation by seeds
If you can look forward to a shower of flowers, you can also get seeds. Now it makes sense to try the propagation by sowing. There are a number of things to keep in mind for seed propagation to succeed. Even though echevery occurs in numerous ways, the procedure for sowing always remains the same.
Propagation by seeds explained step by step
❶ Obtain seeds
❷ Prepare the planting bowl
❸ Fill in the substrate
❹ Water the earth
❺ Cover the earth with quartz sand
❻ Spread the seeds on the quartz sand
❼ Cover the seed bowl
Hell Place the planter in a bright place
The planting bowl is first filled with substrate. This is moistened well. A layer of quartz sand is applied to the soil. To make it appear slightly damp, it should be lightly sprayed with a plant sprayer. The seeds are now placed on the quartz sand without being covered with earth. To ensure that the moisture remains constant, the seed bowl must be covered with film or a glass pane.
The germination time is about two weeks and depends on the type of plant. It is therefore advisable to use separate planters when multiplying different species. The planter is bright and should be set up at room temperature. Spring and early summer are ideal for propagation. When germination begins, the cover is raised slightly so that fresh air can penetrate to the seedlings.
" Tip: Adequate ventilation is important to prevent fungal infections.
In the first year of standing, the seedlings should be protected from direct sunlight. In the second year of standing, the young plants are transplanted and are allowed to have a sunny location.
Advantages and disadvantages of the individual methods